Whether as part of an Antarctic cruise or as a destination in its own right, Port Stanley in the Falkland Islands - with its wreck-littered shoreline, rugged windswept coasts, and abundant wild-life, is well worth a visit.
On these pages there is some general information about the Islands - including how to get there either travelling by sea, or by air - and a more detailed section about the shipwrecks and hulks of Port Stanley. Also included is an archive of all vessels lost or condemned at the Falklands between 1813 and 1950.
in the South Atlantic, approximately 300 miles from
the coast of South America, the Falkland Islands consists of two larger
Islands - East and
West Falkland - surrounded by a large number of smaller
The capital, and largest settlement on the islands, is Port Stanley: officially classified as a city, but, in size and population, more akin to a small town.
The population of the Falkland Islands hovered not far above
the two thousand mark throughout most of the early twentieth century
before declining to about eighteen hundred by the early 1980s. It has
(2013 figures) risen to over three thousand. The majority of the
population reside in
Falkland Islanders (of whom roughly 70% are of British descent) and settlers from Britain together make up about 90% of the population. The official language is English.
Traditionally (since the mid nineteenth century) sheep farming for
the provision of high quality wool exports formed the largest part of
the economy. More recently fishing (and the sale of fishing licenses),
and tourism have increasingly played a major roll. The
Islands are nowadays economically self sufficient except for defence,
which is provided byGreat Britain.
The currency is the Falklands pound, which is exchangable at par with the British pound.
Colony, the Falkland Islands are now designated as a self-governing
British Overseas Territory. Residents of the Falkland Islands
have - since the British Nationality (Falkland Islands) Act 1983 been
granted full British citizenship. This was reiterated by the British
Overseas Territories Act 2002.
In the 2013 referendum, 99.8% of Falkland Islanders voted for the continuation of their status as an Overseas Territory of the United Kingdom. There were three votes against. The international observer group, announced that the referendum was free and fair and executed in accordance with international standards and international laws.
Acknowledgements: The Falklands Island's flag and crest images are copyright free, and were sourced from Wikipedia. All other images are copyright protected. For more detailed breakdown of population figures see: www.falklands.gov.fk/documents/Census%20Report%202006.pdf